Some people believe that there should be fixed punishment for each type of crime. Others argue that the circumstances of an individual’s crimes and the motivation for committing it should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment. Discuss both views, give your opinions.


1. Hướng dẫn làm bài:

1.1. Introduction:

Câu 1: Paraphrase lại đề bài.

Câu 2: Vì trong đề yêu cầu "give your opinion" nên nhiệm vụ của các bạn là phải trả lời rõ ràng bạn đồng ý với quan điểm nào trong đề bài.

1.2. Body:

Body 1: 

- Nêu lý do và giải thích vì sao nhiều người ủng hộ quan điểm thứ 1

- Đưa ra ví dụ chứng minh

Body 2: 

- Nêu lý do và giải thích vì sao người ta ủng hộ quan điểm thứ 2

- Đưa ra ví dụ chứng minh

1.3. Conclusion:

- Nhắc lại bạn đồng ý với quan điểm nào.

Ví dụ: In conclusion, despite the advantages of (quan điểm 1), it seems more important that (quan điểm 2).

2. Bài tham khảo:

People hold contrasting opinions on how criminals should be punished for their offences. While some suggest that offenders of the same type of crime should be punished in the same way, others conceive that the punishment should be passed depending on the individuals’ circumstances and purpose. My belief resonates with the latter group.

People who believe that fixed punishment guarantees justice for the victims would support the former argument. This is because these punishments were designed with regards to solely the outcomes of the crimes. In other words, once damage has been endured by the society, a corresponding consequence must occur. In this sense, justice will be delivered equally, reducing the involvement of bias, favoritism, or social leverages. Moreover, a fixed punishment system would be easy for the court to administer, thus pushing the efficiency of the court services to meet demands of the society. Supporters also concur that once consequences take on a virtue of simplicity, and people become easily aware of how they will be punished, there is a likelihood that criminals would think twice before committing a crime

However, detractors, like myself, would argue that fixed punishments might not uphold real justice. The State should bear in mind that it assumes the responsibility to protect its citizens, regardless of their actions. If the circumstance of a crime and the motive of the criminals were to be overlooked, there are chances of the offenders being exploited by an incomplete account. It is undoubtedly unfair to punish individuals who were forced to kill the victim for self-defense in the same way as a serial killer. Hence, the judge should evaluate all sides of the story to decide on the best response.

In conclusion, despite the advantages of fixed punishment, it seems more important that justice is upheld. One of the ways is to not dismiss the nature of the criminals before a sentence is passed. 

(By Ms. Ân  - IELTS Teacher at WESET)

Useful vocabulary:

Offence (n) sự xúc phạm, hành động phạm tội  

Resonate(s) (v) trong ngữ cảnh bài viết có nghĩa là “đồng tình với..."

Administer (v) thi hành, điều khiển, áp dụng 

Concur (v) đồng tình, đồng ý 

Commit(ing) a crime (v) phạm tội

Uphold (v) đề cao, nâng đỡ 

Overlook(ed) (v) lờ đi, bỏ qua 

Serial (a) killer (n) kẻ giết người hàng loạt 

Evaluate (v) đánh giá 

Dismiss (v) bỏ qua, giải tán 

Sentence (n) sự kết án 

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