• Cerys Wu
  • Blog
  • 11/03/2021

Kỹ năng Paraphrase thực chất không chỉ hữu ích cho IELTS Writing mà còn đóng vai trò vô cùng quan trọng giúp bạn đạt điểm cao hơn cho cả 3 kỹ năng còn lại - Speaking, Listening và Reading. Hãy cùng WESET tìm hiểu lý do vì sao nhé.

1. Kỹ năng Paraphrase quan trọng thế nào đối với cả 4 kỹ năng IELTS?

- Paraphrase giúp bạn tránh các lỗi lặp từ, giúp câu văn, lời nói mượt mà, trôi chảy hơn.

- Khi paraphrasing, bạn đã chứng minh được khả năng sử dụng từ vựng, ngữ pháp linh hoạt, phong phú, do đó bạn sẽ được đánh giá cao hơn cho tiêu chí Lexical resource đối với kỹ năng Speaking và Writing. 

- Trong quá trình rèn luyện kỹ năng paraphrase, bạn sẽ có cơ hội học và ghi nhớ rất nhiều từ đồng nghĩa, cấu trúc ngữ pháp để viết lại câu tương đương. Việc này hỗ trợ vô cùng đắc lực cho 2 kỹ năng Listening và Reading, bởi hầu hết các câu hỏi IELTS Listening hay Reading đều đòi hỏi khả năng nghe - đọc - hiểu câu đã được paraphrased lại.

Ví dụ: Đề bài Listening yêu cầu bạn nghe một đoạn hội thoại về một người đi đến các địa điểm sau: gas station, bookstore, shopping mall, market

Khi đó, thứ bạn cần nghe không phải chính xác là các từ được nhắc đến trong đề, mà là một cụm từ có ý nghĩa tương đương. Ví dụ: "bookstore" sẽ được paraphrased lại là "a place that sells novels and comics."

Đối với Reading cũng tương tự, những thông tin trong các câu hỏi dạng True/False/Not Given, Yes/No/Not Given, Gap Filling, hay Multiple Choice thường đã được biến đổi so với thông tin trong bài đọc. Nếu bạn không có khả năng paraphrase thì rất khó để đạt điểm cao.

Thành thạo kỹ năng Parapharse không phải là điều dễ dàng mà cần thời gian rèn luyện chăm chỉ. Có nhiều cách để luyện tập kỹ năng này, tuy nhiên các bạn có thể bắt đầu với cách phổ biến và đơn giản nhất, chính là học từ đồng nghĩa (synonym). WESET đã giúp các bạn tổng hợp loạt từ đồng nghĩa phổ biến nhất dưới đây theo thứ tự bảng chữ cái để các bạn dễ dàng học nhé. 

2. Tổng hợp từ vựng paraphrase thông dụng nhất (phần 2)

Tổng hợp từ vựng paraphrase thông dụng nhất (phần 1)

- Calm - quiet, peaceful, still, tranquil, mild, serene, smooth, composed, collected, unruffled, level headed, unexcited, detached, aloof 

- Come - approach, advance, near, arrive, reach 

- Cool - chilly, cold, frosty, wintry, icy, frigid 

- Crooked - bent, twisted, curved, hooked, zigzag 

- Cry - shout, yell, yowl, scream, roar, bellow, weep, wail, sob, bawl 

- Cut - gash, slash, prick, nick, sever, slice, carve, cleave, slit, chop, crop, lop, reduce

- Dangerous - perilous, hazardous, risky, uncertain, unsafe 

- Dark - shadowy, unlit, murky, gloomy, dim, dusky, shaded, sunless, black, dismal, sad

- Decide - determine, settle, choose, resolve 

- Definite - certain, sure, positive, determined, clear, distinct, obvious 

- Delicious - savory, delectable, appetizing, luscious, scrumptious, palatable, delightful, enjoyable,  toothsome, exquisite 

- Describe - portray, characterize, picture, narrate, relate, recount, represent, report, record

- Destroy - ruin, demolish, raze, waste, kill, slay, end, extinguish 

- Difference - disagreement, inequity, contrast, dissimilarity, incompatibility Do - execute, enact, carry out, finish, conclude, effect, accomplish, achieve, attain 

- Dull - boring, tiring,, tiresome, uninteresting, slow, dumb, stupid, unimaginative, lifeless, dead,  insensible, tedious, wearisome, listless, expressionless, plain, monotonous, humdrum, dreary

- Eager - keen, fervent, enthusiastic, involved, interested, alive to 

- End - stop, finish, terminate, conclude, close, halt, cessation, discontinuance 

- Enjoy - appreciate, delight in, be pleased, indulge in, luxuriate in, bask in, relish, devour, savor,  like 

- Explain - elaborate, clarify, define, interpret, justify, account for 

- Fair - just, impartial, unbiased, objective, unprejudiced, honest 

- Fall - drop, descend, plunge, topple, tumble 

- False - fake, fraudulent, counterfeit, spurious, untrue, unfounded, erroneous, deceptive,  groundless, fallacious 

- Famous - well-known, renowned, celebrated, famed, eminent, illustrious, distinguished, noted,  notorious 

- Fast - quick, rapid, speedy, fleet, hasty, snappy, mercurial, swiftly, rapidly, quickly, snappily,  speedily, lickety-split, posthaste, hastily, expeditiously, like a flash 

- Fat - stout, corpulent, fleshy, beefy, paunchy, plump, full, rotund, tubby, pudgy, chubby, chunky,  burly, bulky, elephantine 

- Fear - fright, dread, terror, alarm, dismay, anxiety, scare, awe, horror, panic, apprehension

- Fly - soar, hover, flit, wing, flee, waft, glide, coast, skim, sail, cruise 

- Funny - humorous, amusing, droll, comic, comical, laughable, silly 

- Get - acquire, obtain, secure, procure, gain, fetch, find, score, accumulate, win, earn, rep, catch,  net, bag, derive, collect, gather, glean, pick up, accept, come by, regain, salvage 

- Go - recede, depart, fade, disappear, move, travel, proceed 

- Good - excellent, fine, superior, wonderful, marvelous, qualified, suited, suitable, apt, proper,  capable, generous, kindly, friendly, gracious, obliging, pleasant, agreeable, pleasurable,  satisfactory, well-behaved, obedient, honorable, reliable, trustworthy, safe, favorable, profitable,  advantageous, righteous, expedient, helpful, valid, genuine, ample, salubrious, estimable,  beneficial, splendid, great, noble, worthy, first-rate, top-notch, grand, sterling, superb,  respectable, edifying 

- Great - noteworthy, worthy, distinguished, remarkable, grand, considerable, powerful, much,  mighty 

- Gross - improper, rude, coarse, indecent, crude, vulgar, outrageous, extreme, grievous, shameful,  uncouth, obscene, low 

- Happy - pleased, contented, satisfied, delighted, elated, joyful, cheerful, ecstatic, jubilant, gay,  tickled, gratified, glad, blissful, overjoyed 

- Hate - despise, loathe, detest, abhor, disfavor, dislike, disapprove, abominate 

- Have - hold, possess, own, contain, acquire, gain, maintain, believe, bear, beget, occupy, absorb,  fill, enjoy 

- Help - aid, assist, support, encourage, back, wait on, attend, serve, relieve, succor, benefit,  befriend, abet 

- Hide - conceal, cover, mask, cloak, camouflage, screen, shroud, veil 

- Hurry - rush, run, speed, race, hasten, urge, accelerate, bustle 

- Hurt - damage, harm, injure, wound, distress, afflict, pain 

- Idea - thought, concept, conception, notion, understanding, opinion, plan, view, belief 

- Important - necessary, vital, critical, indispensable, valuable, essential, significant, primary,  principal, considerable, famous, distinguished, notable, well-known 

- Interesting - fascinating, engaging, sharp, keen, bright, intelligent, animated, spirited, attractive,  inviting, intriguing, provocative, thought-provoking, challenging, inspiring, involving, moving,  titillating, tantalizing, exciting, entertaining, piquant, lively, racy, spicy, engrossing, absorbing,  consuming, gripping, arresting, enthralling, spellbinding, curious, captivating, enchanting,  bewitching, appealing

- Keep - hold, retain, withhold, preserve, maintain, sustain, support 

- Kill - slay, execute, assassinate, murder, destroy, cancel, abolish 

- Lazy - indolent, slothful, idle, inactive, sluggish 

- Little - tiny, small, diminutive, shrimp, runt, miniature, puny, exiguous, dinky, cramped, limited,  itsy-bitsy, microscopic, slight, petite, minute 

- Look - gaze, see, glance, watch, survey, study, seek, search for, peek, peep, glimpse, stare,  contemplate, examine, gape, ogle, scrutinize, inspect, leer, behold, observe, view, witness,  perceive, spy, sight, discover, notice, recognize, peer, eye, gawk, peruse, explore 

- Love - like, admire, esteem, fancy, care for, cherish, adore, treasure, worship, appreciate, savor 

- Make - create, originate, invent, beget, form, construct, design, fabricate, manufacture, produce,  build, develop, do, effect, execute, compose, perform, accomplish, earn, gain, obtain, acquire, get 

- Mark - label, tag, price, ticket, impress, effect, trace, imprint, stamp, brand, sign, note, heed,  notice, designate 

- Mischievous - prankish, playful, naughty, roguish, waggish, impish, sportive 

- Move - plod, go, creep, crawl, inch, poke, drag, toddle, shuffle, trot, dawdle, walk, traipse, mosey,  jog, plug, trudge, slump, lumber, trail, lag, run, sprint, trip, bound, hotfoot, high-tail, streak,  stride, tear, breeze, whisk, rush, dash, dart, bolt, fling, scamper, scurry, skedaddle, scoot, scuttle,  scramble, race, chase, hasten, hurry, hump, gallop, lope, accelerate, stir, budge, travel, wander,  roam, journey, trek, ride, spin, slip, glide, slide, slither, coast, flow, sail, saunter, hobble, amble,  stagger, paddle, slouch, prance, straggle, meander, perambulate, waddle, wobble, pace, swagger,  promenade, lunge 

- Moody - temperamental, changeable, short-tempered, glum, morose, sullen, mopish, irritable,  testy, peevish, fretful, spiteful, sulky, touchy 

- Neat - clean, orderly, tidy, trim, dapper, natty, smart, elegant, well-organized, super, desirable,  spruce, shipshape, well-kept, shapely 

- New - fresh, unique, original, unusual, novel, modern, current, recent 

- Old - feeble, frail, ancient, weak, aged, used, worn, dilapidated, ragged, faded, broken-down,  former, old-fashioned, outmoded, passé, veteran, mature, venerable, primitive, traditional,  archaic, conventional, customary, stale, musty, obsolete, extinct 

- Part - portion, share, piece, allotment, section, fraction, fragment 

- Place - space, area, spot, plot, region, location, situation, position, residence, dwelling, set, site,  station, status, state 

- Plan - plot, scheme, design, draw, map, diagram, procedure, arrangement, intention, device,  contrivance, method, way, blueprint 

- Popular - well-liked, approved, accepted, favorite, celebrated, common, current

- Predicament - quandary, dilemma, pickle, problem, plight, spot, scrape, jam

- Put - place, set, attach, establish, assign, keep, save, set aside, effect, achieve, do, build

- Quiet - silent, still, soundless, mute, tranquil, peaceful, calm, restful 

- Right - correct, accurate, factual, true, good, just, honest, upright, lawful, moral, proper, suitable,  apt, legal, fair 

- Run - race, speed, hurry, hasten, sprint, dash, rush, escape, elope, flee 

- Say/Tell - inform, notify, advise, relate, recount, narrate, explain, reveal, disclose, divulge,  declare, command, order, bid, enlighten, instruct, insist, teach, train, direct, issue, remark,  converse, speak, affirm, suppose, utter, negate, express, verbalize, voice, articulate, pronounce,  deliver, convey, impart, assert, state, allege, mutter, mumble, whisper, sigh, exclaim, yell, sing,  yelp, snarl, hiss, grunt, snort, roar, bellow, thunder, boom, scream, shriek, screech, squawk,  whine, philosophize, stammer, stutter, lisp, drawl, jabber, protest, announce, swear, vow, content,  assure, deny, dispute 

- Scared - afraid, frightened, alarmed, terrified, panicked, fearful, unnerved, insecure, timid, shy,  skittish, jumpy, disquieted, worried, vexed, troubled, disturbed, horrified, terrorized, shocked,  petrified, haunted, timorous, shrinking, tremulous, stupefied, paralyzed, stunned, apprehensive

- Show - display, exhibit, present, note, point to, indicate, explain, reveal, prove, demonstrate,  expose 

- Slow - unhurried, gradual, leisurely, late, behind, tedious, slack 

- Stop - cease, halt, stay, pause, discontinue, conclude, end, finish, quit 

- Story - tale, myth, legend, fable, yarn, account, narrative, chronicle, epic, sage, anecdote, record,  memoir 

- Strange - odd, peculiar, unusual, unfamiliar, uncommon, queer, weird, outlandish, curious,  unique, exclusive, irregular 

- Take - hold, catch, seize, grasp, win, capture, acquire, pick, choose, select, prefer, remove, steal,  lift, rob, engage, bewitch, purchase, buy, retract, recall, assume, occupy, consume 

- Tell - disclose, reveal, show, expose, uncover, relate, narrate, inform, advise, explain, divulge,  declare, command, order, bid, recount, repeat 

- Think - judge, deem, assume, believe, consider, contemplate, reflect, mediate 

- Trouble - distress, anguish, anxiety, worry, wretchedness, pain, danger, peril, disaster, grief,  misfortune, difficulty, concern, pains, inconvenience, exertion, effort 

- True - accurate, right, proper, precise, exact, valid, genuine, real, actual, trusty, steady, loyal,  dependable, sincere, staunch 

- Ugly - hideous, frightful, frightening, shocking, horrible, unpleasant, monstrous, terrifying, gross,  grisly, ghastly, horrid, unsightly, plain, homely, evil, repulsive, repugnant, gruesome 

- Unhappy - miserable, uncomfortable, wretched, heart-broken, unfortunate, poor, downhearted,  sorrowful, depressed, dejected, melancholy, glum, gloomy, dismal, discouraged, sad 

- Use - employ, utilize, exhaust, spend, expend, consume, exercise 

- Wrong - incorrect, inaccurate, mistaken, erroneous, improper, unsuitable




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